Select a vector
Many parasites and pathogens responsible for some of the most important diseases in humans, agriculture and nature are routinely described as ‘vector-borne’. However, in this context, the term ‘vector’ has been applied to diverse agents in a broad range of epidemiological systems (Wilson et al., 2017). The definition of what is a vector, is a topic of discussion and controversy. Nevertheless, one of the broadest definitions defines a vector as any organism (vertebrate or invertebrate) that functions as a carrier of an infectious agent between organisms of a different species (Kuno et al., 2005). Going along with this broad definition, we here present a number of important vectors for companion animals such as ticks, fleas, sand flies, mosquitoes etc., which are capable of transmitting important companion vector-borne diseases (CVBD).
Kuno G, Chang G-JJ: Biological transmission of arboviruses: reexamination of and new insights into components, mechanisms, and unique traits as well as their evolutionary trends. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2005, 18, 608-37
Wilson AJ, Morgan ER, Booth M, et al.: What is a vector? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2017, 372, 20160085